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Situation Analysis

During the Libyan conflict in 2011, conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) was committed by all parties to the conflict against people in detention centres, as well as migrants fleeing the conflict, including in refugee camps. While women were abducted from their homes, from cars, or from the streets and exposed to rape, men were subjected to torture and ill-treatment, as well as to sexual violence as a means to humiliate them and extract information. Rape was reportedly used as a form of punishment against those who rebelled against the former Qadhafi regime. Separately, members of the former Qadhafi forces in detention also reported having been subjected to torture and ill-treatment to elicit confessions for crimes of which they had been accused, including rape and other forms of sexual violence. In 2019, sexual violence is still prevalent in detention facilities, as well as in migration and trafficking routes across the country. Migrant women and girls are at high risk of being sold for forced labour or sexual exploitation to transnational criminal networks, some with links to armed groups.

List of Projects

Consultant on sexual violence in Libya

Project Summary

The consultant investigated and gathered information in Libya and border areas on CRSV by all parties to the conflict in Libya; sought information on and assessed the character and patterns of sexual violence, both before and during the conflict, and assessed if sexual violence was being used as a tactic of war in the conflict. Further information was gathered on sexual violence against people in detention centres, as well as migrants fleeing the conflict, including in refugee camps. Overall, the project helped to lay groundwork for interventions aimed at ensuring CRSV is addressed comprehensively and effectively by all relevant stakeholders within the context of identified transitional priorities. 

Implementing agencies DPKO, OSRSG-SVC
Project duration

1 December 2011 to 1 May 2012



For more information on this project, please go to UNA021

End of Project Report

Project Proposal