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Situation Analysis

Since the beginning of the Russian invasion one month ago, the war has led to the senseless loss of thousands of lives; the displacement of ten million people, mainly women and children; the systematic destruction of essential infrastructure; and skyrocketing food and energy prices worldwide. Ukraine has been rapidly emerging as one of the world’s most complex emergencies with steadily growing humanitarian needs. The fighting has compelled displacement on a massive scale, forcing many civilians to flee their homes, including to neighbouring countries. Unless the conflict ceases, thousands of additional families will be forcibly displaced.

United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Pramila Patten, expressed grave concerns on the rapidly deteriorating situation in Ukraine and urgently called for the protection of civilians, especially women and girls, who are disproportionately affected by armed conflict and displacement. “This conflict is already severely impacting the safety and security of civilians, especially women and girls, who are at heightened risk of violence”, stated Special Representative Patten in her statement on 28 February 2022. “I call on all parties to uphold the human rights and dignity of all people, exercise restraint, and ensure full compliance with international humanitarian and human rights law, including the categorical prohibition of all forms of sexual violence”, escalating the scale of the already dire humanitarian situation, and increasing the risk of sexual violence and exploitation.

Joint Communiqué/Framework of Cooperation

A Framework of Cooperation (FoC) between the Government of Ukraine and the United Nations was signed in May 2022. The FoC focuses on building capacity to monitor and report on crimes of conflict-related sexual violence, strengthen service provision, and establish referral pathways and reinforce the national institutions capacity to ensure accountability for such violations. It can be accessed here.

News on Ukraine

Subscribe to OCHA Humanitarian Situation Reports Here

OHCHR Human Rights Monitoring Site Here

Note by the Secretary-General: Independent International Commission of Inquiry refers to findings in Ukraine as requested by Human Rights Council resolution S-34/1 (18 October 2022)

Press Statement: UN Special Representative Pramila Patten expresses concern about the impact of escalating violence in Ukraine, especially on women and girls (28 February 2022)

Press Statement: Ukraine: Armed conflict and displacement heightens risks of all forms of sexual violence including trafficking in persons, say UN experts (16 March 2022)

Press Statement: Ukraine: UN High Level Officials urge the swift investigation of sexual violence allegations and call for strengthened measures to protect women and girls (7 April 2022) 

Press Article: In Ukraine War, a Long Journey Begins in Prosecuting Rape (29 April 2022)

Rapid Assessment: Impact of the War in Ukraine on Women’s Civil Society Organizations, conducted by UN Women (English)

Rapid Assessment: Impact of the War in Ukraine on Women’s Civil Society Organizations, conducted by UN Women (Ukranian)

Rapid Assessment: Rapid Gender Analysis of Ukraine – Secondary Data Review

Resource: Conflict in Ukraine: Key Evidence on Risks of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (UNODC)

Resource: Key resources on trafficking in persons in the context of the Ukrainian Crisis  by ICAT

Resource: Lefo, ‘Be Safe On the Way‘ Awareness-Raising on Anti-Trafficking

Resource: Amnesty International’s Verification of Military Attacks in Ukraine

Urgent Appeal by 66 Civil Society Organisations from Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus

Resource: Protection Cluster Partners Operational Mapping (April 2022)

Resources on CRSV

Guidance: Media Reporting on sexual violence in conflict, by the Dart Centre Europe (available in English, French, Spanish, Swahili, Arabic)

more can be found in our Digital Library

Brief: UN Women on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (UN Women Document)

Information: War & Law by ICRC

Reporting on Sexual Violence in Conflict: Available in English, Ukrainian and Russian

Resource: How to support survivors of GBV when a GBV actor is not available in your area (step-by-step pocket guide)

Resource: Anti-Human Trafficking Guide by A21