FIELD UPDATES - Central African Republic
Armed groups have consistently, and with flagrant impunity, used sexual violence as a tactic of war in the Central African Republic (CAR). Sexual violence employed as a tool of intimidation, retaliation and punishment, in order to terrorize entire families and communities, have been reported with shocking regularity. In 2018, the south-east region witnessed cycles of violence between anti-Balaka and Union pour la paix en Centrafrique. Systematic attacks on civilians resulted in mass displacement. In that region, where farming is the primary source of income, displacement from their land meant that 75 per cent of the population lost their means of livelihood. Most of the women and girls who were raped by elements belonging to parties to the conflict were intercepted on their way to farms or while fleeing to safety places. Despite the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation, signed between the Government and 14 armed groups in February 2019 which calls for the cessation of all forms of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) (article 5), signatories continue to flagrantly use sexual violence as a tactic of terror against civilians. In 2019, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) verified 322 incidents of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV).
List of Projects
Special Adviser to facilitate the development of the Comprehensive Strategy to combat gender-based violence (GBV), including sexual violence
UN Action sent an Advisor to the CAR where CRSV was perpetrated by all sides to the conflict. The advisor undertook a situational analysis and advised on how the network could provide strategic support to the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) and the wider UN system. The deployed Adviser concluded that most of the UN’s programmes, including the Peacebuilding Commission’s Strategic Framework, the disarmament demobilisation and reintegration programme, and inputs to legal reforms were largely gender-blind. She advised UN entities responsible for leading these programmes to reassess their approaches and provided support to the Government on revising laws pertaining to protecting women from violence. This allowed UN Action to assist BINUCA in developing a strategy to guide the UN’s response to CRSV in CAR.
15 September 2010 to 31 December 2010
Strengthening capacity to monitor, analyse, report and address CRSV in the work of the BINUCA
With catalytic funding for a Women Protection Advisor (WPA) and the development of a results-based work plan, this project helped strengthen the capacity of BINUCA to address CRSV in the CAR, in close collaboration with the UN Country Team (UNCT). It also contributed to strengthening the ability of the UNCT and relevant mission components to implement the Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Arrangements (MARA). Finally, linked to the signing of the Joint Communiqué in 2012 between CAR and the SRSG-SVC Zainab Hawa Bangura on behalf of the UN, the WPA worked to enhance dialogue with parties to conflict to secure compliance with commitments to prevent and address CRSV. BINUCA included a WPA in its core budget, helping to ensure technical capacity and resources would be committed to CRSV in a sustainable way within the Mission.
29 August 2012 to 31 December 2017
For more information on this project, please go to UNA025
Improving GBV prevention and response in CAR through a National Strategy and strengthened data management mechanism
The project contributed to the capacity building of government institutions and of other stakeholders, including community leaders, to prevent and respond to GBV in CAR. An international consultant supported the finalisation of the National Strategy to Combat GBV, Child Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation and its action plan. Secondly, challenges regarding data collection and analysis were addressed through capacity building of GBV Information Management System (GBVIMS) users and introductory sessions dedicated for non-users of the GBVIMS. The government has begun a process of institutionalizing GBVIMS.
11 February 2019 to 31 December 2019
Joint Communiqué/Framework of Cooperation
Joint Communiqué between the Central African Republic and the United Nations on Prevention and Response to Conflict-Related Sexual Violence, signed in May 2019 (https://tinyurl.com/y5klnaxy)